WHAT IS BULLYING?

      “Bullying is overt verbal, physical, or technology-based (“cyber,” text messaging,etc.) aggression that is persistently focused on targeted person(s) over time. This behavior is visible aggression that has escalated from a larger system of low-level or covert normalized aggression that polices the boundaries between “normal”and “different” in a specific social context. Targeted person(s) are victimized because they are perceived to be outside the boundaries of “normal” as culturally defined within a peer group. This aggression is a tool for acquiring higher social status in a peer group because by targeting others as “different,” the aggressor claims a higher position in the social hierarchy and reinforces the social “rules” of acceptability. Peer-to-peer aggression typically replicates structural inequality, and therefore patterns of targeting are likely to reflect systemic marginalization along lines of gender, sex, sexuality, race, (dis)ability, and class. Bullying frequently reinforces gender norms—ideas about “correct” and “normal” masculinity and femininity. Students who are viewed as having non-normative gender (and by extension, sexuality) are frequent targets. Not all aggressive behaviors between students can be termed “bullying”—some are the result of individual conflict or personality differences” (Payne & Smith, 2013).


      RESOURCES TO PREVENT BULLYING AND HATE SPEECH/CRIMES


          bullying under trump


            WAYS TO GET INVOLVED